PROJECT-BASED LEARNING, PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING, INQUIRY-BASED LEARNING
There are various forms of learning which is practiced in countries abroad. Some of them are project-based learning, problem-based learning and inquiry-based learning. This article provides you a brief description about these three kinds of learning in brief.
Project-based learning is a kind of authentic learning activities in which the students are directly engaged on projects.
Through project based learning the students learn in depth of the particular subject and can gather lots of knowledge.
Project-based learning was first initiated by Buck Institute of Technology in the late 1990’s. This kind of learning is done by students who are motivated towards a particular subject and the performance is analyzed on the individual basis.
Project-based learning helps students in improving the problem solving, decision making, research skills, and interrogative skills.
Some teachers use PBL occasionally while others use it throughout. The lengths of the projects greatly vary right from few months to even semesters.
Manor New Technology High School is a project based learning school where the students are engaged with about 60 nutrition projects per year. This helps in deeper understanding of the subject.
Problem-based learning is the procedure in which learn about the subject through problem solving. The objective of problem-based learning is that it addresses many of the problems in the traditional medical curriculum. Initially problem-based learning was applied only for medical sector but now it is used in many schools.
[Related: Creativity in the Classrooms]
Problem-based learning is a student centered approach. Student centered approach refers to the process in which the goals are at least partly set by students. This kind of learning helps in solving real world problems.
The Libyan International Medical University of Benghazi has also incorporated Problem-based learning.
Inquiry is defined as seeking for information or knowledge. Inquiry-based learning is a technique of exploring the real or material world, that leads to raise queries & making discoveries in the search for good level of understanding.
There are various levels of inquiry based learning and some of them are:
- Open enquiry
- Guided enquiry
- Structured enquiry
- Limited enquiry
The advantages of inquiry-based learning are it is flexible and adaptable for various projects. It can help in improving various skills like physical, emotional and cognitive. It also helps in improving student’s self esteem and also makes them more active towards their learning.